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SSL证书安装指南 - Tomcat 和 J2EE Application Server

1. 保存证书文件 Save the certificate file

一旦您申请的SSL证书成功颁发,您会收到一个邮件通知您取回证书,点击邮件中的取回证书链接,就可以得到您的证书文件。此文件是一个打包文件,包含了您申请的证书类型的证书链文件、公钥证书。或 直接给您的是包含证书公钥和私钥的打包文件,有支持所有服务器类型的3种格式证书文件和各级根证书文件。

2. 导入证书 Import the certificate


Use the same process for the WoSign certificate using the keytool command:

keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias INTER -file intermediate.cer -keystore [keystore_name]


Use the same process for the site certificate using the keytool command, if you are using an alias then please include the alias command in the string:

keytool -import -trustcacerts -alias [keyEntry_name] -file mycert.crt -keystore [keystore_name]

以下图例为导入测试证书:In the example in this screenshot we are using a Test Certificate.

请注意:如果您在生成 keystore 没有指定名称,则不需要 -keystore 选项。

Note: If you did not specify a keystore name when the keystore was originally generated please omit the -keystore parameter from the command)

在运行此命令时会提示您输入密码,也就是您在生成 keystore 时设置的密码。

When you execute this command you will be prompted for the keystore password, please specify the password you set when you generated the keystore.

当导入证书到您的 keystore 时,一定要使用生成CSR时一样的别名(alias),同时使用 -trustcacerts 参数。如果不指定一样的别名,将不能安装成功!

When importing the certificate into your keystore use the same alias as the private key the certificate request (CSR) was created from (this will be the keyEntry listed in your keystore) and use the '-trustcacerts' parameter in your keytool -import command. If you do not specify the alias of the keyEntry your certificate will not be tied to the private key and you will not be able to use the certificate properly.


If you are unsure of the alias for the KeyEntry please use the following command to check the output from the keystore in order to verify the keyEntry name (alias):

keytool –list -keystore [keystore_name] -v

以下图例的别名为:tomcat。In the example in this screenshot the alias is “tomcat”.

3. 配置Tomcat

要使SSL证书正常工作,先需要给 Tomcat 配置一个SSL连接器。

Tomcat will first need a SSL Connector configured before it can accept secure connections.

Note: By default Tomcat will look for your Keystore with the file name .keystore in the home directory with the default password 'changeit'. The home directory is generally /home/user_name/ on Unix and Linux systems, and Home_Directory/conf/ on Microsoft Windows systems. -- It is possible to change the filename, password, and even location that Tomcat looks for the keystore. If you need to do this, pay special attention to #8 of Option 1 or #5 of Option 2 below.

方法一: 在server.xml文件中配置SSL连接器

Option 1 -- Configure the SSL Connector in server.xml:


Copy your keystore file [keystore_name] to the home directory


Open the file Home_Directory/conf/server.xml in a text editor

去掉"SSL Connector"配置行的注释符

Uncomment the 'SSL Connector' Configuration

一定要修改 'Connector Port'(连接端口)为:443

Make sure that the 'Connector Port' is 443


If your keystore filename is something other than the default file name ( .keystore ) and/or your keystore password is something other than default ('changeit') then you will need to specify the correct keystore filename and/or password in your connector configuration -- ex. keypass="newpassword". When you are done your connector should look something like this:



Save the changes to server.xml


Restart Tomcat

方法二: 使用AdminTool添加SSL连接器

Option 1 -- Add an SSL Connector using admintool:


Start Tomcat

启动AdminTool: http://localhost:8080/admin,请注意:缺省是没有安装AdminTool的,需要下载AdminTool并安装

Enter 'http://localhost:8080/admin' in a local browser to start admintool


Type a username and password with administrator rights


On the left select 'Service' (Java Web Services Developer Pack)

从下拉菜单中选择'Create New Connector'(创建新的连接器)

Select 'Create New Connector' from the drop-down list on the right


Choose 'HTTPS' in the 'Type' field


In the 'Port' field, enter '443'. This defines the TCP/IP port number on which Tomcat will listen for secure connections


Enter the Keystore Name and Keystore Password if (a.) your keystore is named something other than .keystore , (b.) if .keystore is located in a directory other than the home directory of the machine on which Tomcat is running, or if (c.) the password is something other than the default value of 'changeit'. If you have used the default values, you can leave these fields blank.


Select 'Save' to save the new Connector

选中'Commit Changes' 保存新的SSL连接器信息到server.xml文件中,重启Tomcat即可。

Select 'Commit Changes' to save the new Connector information to the server.xml file so that it is available the next time Tomcat is started

4. 完成配置 Setup the server


Make sure you assign port 443 and a unique ip address to the virtual host.Note: If the server is behind a firewall please make sure port 443 has been enabled on the firewall.


Test your certificate by using a browser to connect to your server. Use the https protocol directive (e.g. https://your server/) to indicate you wish to use secure HTTP. The padlock icon on your browser will be displayed in the locked position if your certificates are installed correctly and the server is properly configured for SSL.